Back pain is a common problem that can have many different causes. It can be caused by muscle strain, a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, sciatica or a number of other conditions.
Sports medicine can be helpful in managing and treating back pain, especially in athletes. Treatment may include:
- Rest and ice: Taking a break from physical activity and applying ice to the affected area can help reduce pain. Ice should not be applied for more than 15 minutes at a time. Research also shows that ice can slow down the healing process so it should not be performed after a day or two post injury and not at all if the back pain is chronic.
- Physical therapy: A physical therapist can teach you exercises to strengthen your back muscles and improve your posture. A physical therapist can also manipulate your spine to help relieve pressure on your nerves and muscles.
- Medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen can help reduce inflammation and pain. Your doctor may also prescribe muscle relaxants or pain medications if needed. But beware of side effects. Physical therapy is always best
- Dry needling or also known as medical acupuncture: Dry needling involves the insertion of thin needles into specific points on the body called trigger points to relax muscles and promote healing. This is performed by a licensed physical therapist.
It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional, such as a sports medicine doctor or a physical therapist, to determine the cause of your back pain and the most appropriate treatment. They can also help you develop a plan to prevent future back pain.